CURRENT, SUN AND ETHYL
For AiF, may 2018
When we will take on cars with alternative fuel?
In terms of oil reserves reduction and more rigid environmental legislation, the global's auto giants are betting on cars with alternative fuels. Experts predict that some countries may prohibit the sale of cars with petrol and diesel engines, the number of electric cars will grow tenfold in the next 20 years.
According to forecasts of British Petroleum, in 2040 the number of electric vehicles will increase from the current 3 million to 300 million units, representing about 15% of the total world fleet. In case of the sales prohibition of cars with internal combustion engine, the figure could rise to 1 billion. Norway declared its readiness to fully switch to alternative fuel vehicles by 2025. Electric cars in Norway have already been exempted from taxes, their owners can use more than 10,000 free charging stations, the ability to move around allocated lanes, and not pay for local ferries.
Great Britain, France also intend to make the purchase of gasoline cars unprofitable and switch to electric cars by 2040, as well as India (by 2030), Japan and China. Hydrogen, ethyl alcohol, solar energy, etc. are considered as alternative fuels in addition to electricity
Russia joined the general trend by developing a program for universal electromobilisation, calculated before 2025.Already, electric car owners can charge their devices for free at gas stations, and not pay for parking in the center of Moscow and St. Petersburg. Likewise, electromobiles want to be completely exempted from the transport tax (for hybrids - to introduce a lower rate), to allow to go on the lanes allocated for public transport and to introduce preferential tariffs on toll roads.
Battery – 600 kg
It operated about a thousand electric cars in Russia today. For comparison: in Norway - 200 thousand. As of the end of last year, a third of all electric vehicles in the Russian Federation (367 units) are registered in Moscow and the Moscow region, 192 in the Primorsky Territory, 51 in St. Petersburg. The most popular cars are Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi-MiEV and Tesla Model S.
- However, while electric cars do not scatter like hot cakes, most automakers hoped for, - says Eldiyar Muratov, president of the Singapore Castle Family Office. - There are several reasons for this: high cost, range and infrastructure. A breakthrough that gives a wider range of driving a shorter battery charging time for an electric car still remains a dream. Many large auto companies have declared about 400 km as an acceptable distance for an electric car without recharging. Alas, Tesla has not proved this yet. To achieve even travel distance of 300 km Tesla Model S requires battery whose length will be 2.4 meters and width 1.5 meters, weight - almost 600 kg.Packing it into the body will require much more expenses, for which companies are not ready to go. The problem could be solved by a more developed infrastructure for recharging such cars. However, the chargers that go with basic configuration, provide the car with energy at home during the night, and all stationary simply look useless, because you have to spend it for more than one hour. Were you standing at the gas station of your "iron horse" for about three hours?
The general technological backwardness, the lack of developments in the domestic auto industry, the underdeveloped infrastructure, the difficult climatic conditions and the negative information background about the results of the latest tests of electric cars in Europe or the USA are the reasons for the extremely slow development of electric transport in Russia.
At the same time, despite such problems, the future is behind electric cars. And the growth in sales in the world is only confirm. In addition, in 2018, updates and the appearance of new models of electric cars from such automakers as Volkswagen, Renault-Nissan, Daimler, GM and Tesla are expected.